Let’s get one thing straight: there are more than just FOUR aircraft categories. The four we will be discussing are those most used by civilians nowadays for transportation. We will NOT be discussing UFOs, Futuristic Aircraft or Spaceships.
Also known as airliners, are a category of aircraft for transporting passengers and air cargo. Such aircraft are most often operated by airlines. Although the definition of an airliner can vary from country to country, an airliner is typically defined as an aeroplane intended for carrying multiple passengers or cargo in commercial service.
Also know as business jets, are jet aircraft designed for transporting small groups of people. Business jets may be adapted for other roles, such as the evacuation of casualties or express parcel deliveries, and some are used by public bodies, government officials or the armed forces.
Aircraft whose primary form of thrust is derived from a propellor as opposed to a jet engine. In aeronautics, a propeller, also called an airscrew, converts rotary motion from an engine or other power source into a swirling slipstream which pushes the propeller forwards or backwards.
A helicopter, or chopper, is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors. This allows the helicopter to take off and land vertically, to hover, and to fly forward, backward, and laterally. These attributes allow helicopters to be used in congested or isolated areas where fixed-wing aircraft cannot perform.
We will be talking about different types of each category in the weeks to come.
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